The Arts

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The Arts by Mind Map: The Arts

1. Scope & Application (Mo)

1.1. What may be considered as an artwork ?

1.1.1. Difficult to know where to stop or to find boundaries for the definitons Examples of subjects considered as artworks Visual arts literary arts performing arts multidisciplinary arts

1.1.2. Depending on consideration and contexts since there is no universal agreement Arts as a way of shaping belief Everything is art as there are interesting and valuable ideas Arts as a various branches of creative activity Shared knowledge Concept of beauty and preference Personal knowledge

1.2. Social functions of arts

1.2.1. Reflection of society's ideas Imitation of patterns from the society Pictures may show the daily life reality

1.2.2. Communication of feelings serve as as emotional outlet to a part of the society appeals our sense of the aesthetic view

1.2.3. Education Emotional response may influence our behaviour appeals our empathy Sharpen our intuition Moral values questions on our assumptions

1.2.4. Social transformations show us a vision of the physical universe Reproduction of elements of nature Connection between people call upon our sense of admiration and fairness Developing imagination appeals our sensory experience

1.3. Cultural dimension in the arts

1.3.1. Factors that may influence thee creation of an artwork or the interpretation of the consumers Perception and ambiguity Ability to visualise colours and actions

1.3.2. Language Ways to interpret the language or the body language attitudes belonging to a specific and different social group are harder to understand

1.3.3. Experiences Interactions with us speak to us about our own experiences

1.3.4. Beauty considerations according to different cultures Choice and preferences May influence our emotional response

2. Language & Concepts (Ashley)

2.1. Music

2.1.1. pitch how high or low the note is

2.1.2. timbre the character or quality of a musical sound or voice as distinct from its pitch and intensity

2.1.3. harmony the sound of two or more notes heard simultaneously

2.1.4. melody a linear succession of musical tones that the listener perceives as a single entity

2.1.5. rhythm the pattern of regular or irregular pulses by the occurrence of strong and weak melodic and harmonic beats

2.2. Visual Arts

2.2.1. hue a color or shade

2.2.2. color the element of art that is produced when light, striking an object, is reflected back to the eye

2.2.3. form shape, including its volume or perceived volume

2.3. In both:

2.3.1. theme the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a work

2.3.2. form overall structure or plan of a piece

2.3.3. variations Using a range of different qualities or instances of an art element

2.4. What is the significance of "breaking the rules/traditions" in the knowledge production in the Arts?

2.4.1. Creates new periods and conventions of art Renaissance period connects changes in music, visual arts, literature, philosophy

3. Methodology (Mahima)

3.1. Piece of Art

3.1.1. something made by someone with the intent to evoke a response from people

3.1.2. artists communicate with audience result = design design supposed to evoke response

3.1.3. not practical

3.2. What is beauty?

3.2.1. a combination of qualities, such as shape, colour, or form, that pleases the aesthetic senses, especially the sight. -

3.2.2. Are there universal standards for beauty? Feminine beauty ideals Beauty is timeless certain qualities may be deemed beautiful now but last century would have been considered ugly standards always changing some things look good/beautiful because they exhibit biological features that signal good health etc. important for finding a mate.

3.2.3. does culture determine what is beauty Similar to the influence of media, culture impacts the way beauty is perceived. An artist sent a photo of a woman to photoshop fanatics around the world with the demand "make me beautiful"

3.2.4. Beauty is in the eye of the beholder

3.3. Aesthetics

3.3.1. A branch of philosophy that studies the beauty and the arts

3.4. Non Art vs. Art

3.4.1. Intention criteria Artist had an intention to provoke how does the audience know the intentions of the artist

3.4.2. Quality of work How do you judge "quality" Jackson Pollock

3.4.3. Response from spectators how to judge that response what response = Non art and what response = Art?

3.5. Terms

3.5.1. Kitsch art, objects, or design considered to be in poor taste because of excessive garishness or sentimentality, but sometimes appreciated in an ironic or knowing way. is it still art if it is inspired from other pieces?

3.5.2. Forgery the action of forging a copy or imitation of a document, signature, banknote, or work of art. How far can inspiration be used before it becomes forgery?

3.6. Is art a reinterpretation of reality or a reproduction of reality

3.6.1. Art as imitation = Avant-garde

3.6.2. Art as a communication broadens our experience and helps us explore our feelings

3.6.3. art as education Raise questions on ethics

3.7. Role of literature in future developments.

3.7.1. Science fiction used to stimulate imagination to imagine life in the future. these stories can then be translated into practiced ideas. it uses art as a communicator and educator. shows us many possibilities of the future

4. Historical Development (Hubert)

4.1. Art Movement

4.1.1. the collective titles that are given to artworks which share the same artistic ideals, style, technical approach or timeframe.

4.1.2. a historical convenience for grouping together artists of a certain period or style so that they may be understood within a specific context

4.1.3. a historical convenience for grouping together artists of a certain period or style so they may be understood within a specific context.

4.1.4. usually named retrospectively by art critics or historians and their titles are often witty or sarcastic nicknames pulled from a bad review.

4.1.5. Grouping artists of similar interests or styles into Art Movements is mainly a characteristic of Western Art

4.1.6. Art Movements are essentially a 20th century development when there was a greater variety of styles than at any other period in the history of art.

4.2. History

4.2.1. Renaissance saw individual pieces of art rise in value Painters paid based on merit Attitude towards art shifted dramatically 1550, painters and creators of art saw their status rise to as if they're rockstars Painting sculpting were now considered art Now considered artists

4.2.2. Before Renaissance Art represented social status Art masters made sure apprentices followed strict traditions and rise up the ranks Art consumers got more credit for the artwork rather than the person who produced it

4.2.3. Arts that haven't changed for a long time were classified as primitive Suggesting their makers were incapable of innovating Society didn't know the creators didn't want to innovate Creators wanted to preserve the art rather than change

5. Personal Knowledge (Will.K)

5.1. What is the nature of the contribution of individuals you know personally to this area, in terms of your experience?

5.1.1. Most of the individuals I know have contributed in the virtual world art and mainly in video games which I consider an art as well. This includes some people I know who design game worlds and the visuals in gaming.

5.1.2. I also know a relative who has made several unique recipes.

5.1.3. My maternal grandmother is an Arabic writer, mainly delving into poetry. (Max)

5.2. What responsibilities rest upon YOU by virtue of YOUR knowledge in this area?

5.2.1. The ability to appreciate art. I think that it's very important to recognise when an artist has really put their work into a piece and to identify it and appreciate what they've done even if you might not like the actual art piece. It is important to understand the context of a piece of art as well as the purpose and the meaning of the work of art to the artist. (max)

5.2.2. The ability to critique art. I also think that it is very important not to hold art to a high standard. for instance many people once they hear a famous artists name will immediately assume that the art piece is good and won't question it. However this clearly undermines artists who might have put much more effort into a piece of art only to be looked over because of their status. Be sure not be quick to make assumptions about a work of art, there may be a meaning not present at the surface. (Max)

5.3. What are the implications of this area of knowledge in terms of YOUR individual perspective?

5.3.1. Personally I think that there really aren't that many if any implications in this area of knowledge as art can be defined by almost anything. I've seen art in so many different forms that its hard to come up with any barriers to what one can consider art. For instance I've personally seen a aged wall with a single streak of paint just next to the middle of the wall considered art. A complex painting which took over 100 days is art. A picture of another picture is art. So what isn't considered art?

5.3.2. The copyright law. Which doesn't allow artists to take another artists art unless the artists has been deceased for 50 years This essentially prevents anyone from taking a particular piece of art even if they didn't take inspiration from it but were too late.

5.4. What assumptions underlie YOUR own approach to this knowledge?

5.4.1. I think one of the biggest assumptions that I've made when talking or discussing art as an AOK is a failure to acknowledge the majority of art forms. I used to always think that art was confined to visual arts, dance and theatre. One of the more interesting ones that I've always ignored was cooking and how cooking and food being a staple of our lives is constantly looked over but when you stop and think there is true beauty in the art of cooking. Personally this is one of the biggest assumptions that I've made when I think about the AOK of art and how even when some artists put days of work into their creation it's looked over because it's not an actual "art form".

5.4.2. An assumption of the Arts I tend to make is that it's limited to Sense Perception (more specifically visual sense perception). (Max) I wasn't aware that the WOK sense perception is able to trigger other WOKs (e.g. emotion, imagination, etc..) However, a more common approach not only to myself is that the Arts is limited to visual arts, digital arts & theatre, I often take for granted that certain disciplines (e.g. literature) are part of the Arts.

5.5. Consider the WOKs in relation to your experiences, how have these affected what and how you know in this AOK?

5.5.1. Personally I find that intuition when I look at an art piece is the biggest WOK that affects me. I don't take long to decide whether I like a piece of art or not it's usually quite split second. There was a piece of art by a famous artist in a museum which I visited in Rome however I barely took anytime to look at it and decided I didn't like it without a second thought even though it is considered the best painting in that gallery. However I do think that the WOKs apply to the different disciplines in art. For instance I find that when I watch a movie it gives me time to take it in rather than a quick glance at a photo or painting and this makes me use the other WOKs to formulate my opinion taking into account emotion and reason. The same thing when I read a book at a glance at the title page I might decide my opinion there but once I open the book and read it opens up the other WOKs which let me appreciate the art of the story.

5.5.2. I feel as though emotion is the most significant WOK that determines the affects a piece of art has o me. (Max) However, emotion is triggered through sense perception, it takes the senses first to acknowledge the work of art, and emotion determines whether or not I like it or dislike it. For example, when I see this piece of art, my initial reaction to it was that it was boring, this sensation was emitted through the way my emotion WOK responds to sense perception.