Theories of learning

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Theories of learning by Mind Map: Theories of learning

1. behaviorism

1.1. Confined to observable and measurable behavior. Classical Conditioning - Pavlov Operant Conditioning - Skinner

2. cognitivism

2.1. Grew in response to Behaviorism. Knowledge is stored cognitively as symbols. Learning is the process of connecting symbols in a meaningful & memorable way. Studies focused on the mental processes that facilitate symbol connection.

2.1.1. Cognitive learninng theory Bruner said anybody can learn anything at any age, provided it is stated in terms they can understand.

3. social learning theories

3.1. Involves: Behaviorism Cognitive Learning Theory Social Learning Theory.

3.1.1. Learning takes place through observation and sensorial experiences. Imitation is the sincerest form of flattery. SLT is the basis of the movement against violence in media & video games.

4. social constructivism

4.1. Grew out of and in response to Cognitivism, framed around metacognition. Knowledge is actively constructed.

4.1.1. Learning is… A search for meaning by the learner Contextualized. An inherently social activity Dialogic and recursive. The responsibility of the learner.

5. multiple intelligences

5.1. Grew out of Constructivism, framed around metacognition. All people are born with eight intelligences: Enables students to leverage their strengths and purposefully target and develop their weaknesses.

5.1.1. 1. Verbal-Linguistic 2. Visual-Spatial 3. Logical-Mathematical 4. Kinesthetic 5. Musical 6. Naturalist 7. Interpersonal 8. Intrapersonal.

6. brain based learning

6.1. Grew out of Neuroscience & Constructivism 12 governing principles

6.1.1. BBL in the Classroom Opportunities for group learning. Regular environmental changes. A multi-sensory environment. Opportunities for self-expression and making personal connections to content. Community-based learning.