Nutritional Concerns for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Children

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Nutritional Concerns for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Children by Mind Map: Nutritional Concerns for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Children

1. Physical

1.1. Illness and Disease

1.1.1. Hospitalization Health care system burden

1.1.2. Co-morbidities Oral health Cavities Decay Dermatological conditions Future health risks Diabetes Cardiovascular disease

1.2. Poor nutrition

1.2.1. Obesity Over consumption of unhealthy food Nutritional deficiencies

1.2.2. Under nutrtion Failure to thrive Poor child growth and development Malnutrition

1.3. Genetic characteristics

1.3.1. Family history of disease

1.3.2. Poor pregnancy nutrition Lack of antenatal care Discriminatory services

1.3.3. Poor perinatal outcomes Low birth weight Large birth weight

2. Social

2.1. Education

2.1.1. Lack of nutritional awareness

2.1.2. Lack of role models

2.2. Socioeconomic disadvantage

2.2.1. Reduced access to sanitary and quality foods

2.2.2. Housing instability Family disruptions

2.3. Unemployment

2.3.1. Substance misuse

2.3.2. Financial stress Food insecurity Hunger Poverty

2.4. Family Emotional Wellbeing

2.4.1. Mental health concerns

3. Environmental

3.1. Weather

3.1.1. No access for food delivery Unpredictable, seasonal dependent

3.2. Transport

3.2.1. Limits delivery of resources

3.2.2. Reliant on outside sources

3.3. Housing

3.3.1. Overcrowding Frequent movement

3.3.2. Working Facilities Food storage, preparation and consumption Food safety

4. Geographical

4.1. Isolation

4.1.1. Safe water Drinking Cleaning

4.1.2. Reduced variety of quality food Lack of fresh produce

4.2. Rural and remote communities

4.2.1. Increased freight costs Expensive healthy food Cheaper unhealthy food

4.3. Insufficient waste removal

4.3.1. Garbage disposal Unsanitary living conditions

4.3.2. Sewage

5. Historical

5.1. Transgenerational impacts

5.1.1. Loss of traditional food sources

5.2. Inequity

5.2.1. Racism

5.2.2. Discrimination

5.3. Cultural disruptions

5.4. Mistrust of health care system