DIRECT METHOD

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DIRECT METHOD by Mind Map: DIRECT METHOD

1. Characteristics/Origins

1.1. Francouis Gouin (1880).

1.1.1. His“harrowing” experiences of learning German, brought him to obserb his nephew who learned French at an early age being in contact directly with L2.

1.2. Charles Berlitz (at the end of the 19th century)

1.2.1. Second language learning is similar to first language learning,

2. Principles

2.1. Lots of oral interaction

2.2. Spontaneous use of the language.

2.3. No translation.

2.4. Concrete vocabulary is taught through pictures and objects, while abstract is taught by association of ideas.

2.5. This method states that the printed word should be kept away from the second language learner for as long as possible

3. Common activities

3.1. Reading aloud

3.2. Question answer exercise

3.3. Self correction

3.4. Conversation practice

3.5. Dictation

4. Adventades

4.1. Learners learn the language, not about the language.

4.2. The spreaking and listening skill are developed

4.3. It avoids the translation in communication process.

5. Disadventajes

5.1. Students run the risk of use the incorrect grammar rule.

5.2. Learners do not develop the grammatical and writing skill.

6. Role of Teachers

6.1. Encourage students to participate in class by asking them questions constantly.

6.2. He corrects mistakes of students immediately.

7. Role of Students

7.1. The are encouraged to think in the target language

7.2. They are encouraged to speak in the target language in "real" contexts