Race in Latin America: Week 8

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Race in Latin America: Week 8 af Mind Map: Race in Latin America: Week 8

1. Enlightment Thinkers

1.1. Ideas for social, economic, and political.

1.2. The idea that people should govern themselves.

1.3. Personal liberties, and natural rights.

1.4. The idea that all people are equal meant everyone had identical rights and civil liberties.

2. Lockes three Natural Rights

2.1. Life: everyone has the right to live their life

2.2. Liberty: The right to do anything a person wants with the respect to the first natural right.

2.3. Estate: that everyone is entitled to own whatever they have ceased or gained without the conflict to the natural rights one and two.

2.4. At first these Natural Rights only referred to European men, excluding women and non-europeans. This began racial thinking, a defined type of racial difference and battle between men and women.

3. Events in Haiti

3.1. The Haitian Revolution began because they were unhappy with the French ruling and wanted independence.

3.2. The revolution began as a political movement for elites. The elites were not interested in freeing the slaves

3.3. The slaves rebelled in August 1791, it transformed the revolution from political to radical social and the economy of the society

4. Mexican Revolution and Independence

4.1. The Mexican Revolution was from 1810-1821

4.2. Like the Haitian Revolution, the Mexican Revolution also began as a political movement.

4.3. The revolution went from political to radical, economical, and social because the peasants and natives rebelled.

4.4. Hidalgo lead the natives and lower class to rebel

4.5. During the revolution the elites were the ones with political knowledge and say.

4.6. For years mexico suffered foreign invasion, civil war, and loss of 60% of territory. Even after the revolution mexico's lower class was still excluded and mexico went through state repression.

5. Cuban Independence

5.1. Cuba before their independence were very loyal to spain. The spainish though feared slave rebellion due to the countries around who were having the slaves and lower class rebel against them.

5.2. When Cuba was fighting for independence the spainish wanted it to come to a stop, creating reservation, and concentration camps.

5.3. U.S looked at cuba as an opportunity to gain more land and power. the battleship Maine from the US was blown up in the havana harbor, this was blamed on spain thus creating the spanish american war.

5.4. cuba and the US created the 20 year treaty, giving the US the power to intervene in cuban affairs. also the Platt amendment was created between the US and cuba to lease Guantanamo Bay to the US.

5.5. the difference from mexico, agentina, and haiti was racial formation and that the cuban native communities survived.

6. Argentina Independent Movement

6.1. The movement was between the conservative and liberal crillos elites and there was no attempt for social revolution.

6.2. After the revolution in the 19th century, like the US, Argentina had an expansion movement, this demanded labor and workers for the labor. So european immigrants were brought to work.

6.3. African Americans were brought in the 1770's for labor, and slavery was not abolished until 1853, the africans were also used in the war against Paraguay not just for labor of the lands.

7. Brazil

7.1. Brazil was different due to their Portuguese past.

7.2. Brazil had the largest slave runaway settlements. They would runaway and make hidden communities so that they would not get recaptured.

7.3. Brazil also had slave plantations

7.4. Sep 7th, 1822 Brazil became independent.

7.5. While most of the other Americas became republic, Brazil was different and had an Empire with monarchy.