Towards Autonomy

Towards Autonomy Mind Map

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Towards Autonomy von Mind Map: Towards Autonomy

1. Criteria for speaking tasks

1.1. Conditions need to be met:

1.1.1. Productivity

1.1.2. Purposefullness

1.1.3. Interactivity

1.1.4. Challenge

1.1.5. Safety

1.1.6. Authenticity

2. Drama, role play and simulation

2.1. Drama: Provide a useful springboard for real life language use

2.2. Role play: Adoption of another persona

2.3. Simulations: Play themselves in a simulated situation

2.4. Activity types: Alibis, shopping around, the inquiry, the soap,

3. Discussion and debates

3.1. Best discussions in class are spontaneous

3.2. Discussion formats: Discussion cards, warm-up discussions, balloon debate, pyramid, consensus debate, panel discussions

4. Conversation and chat

4.1. Activities: Sentence star, true/false sentences, one of us/some of us

5. Outside class-speaking

5.1. Tape diaries

5.2. Audio and video conferencing

5.3. Human computer interaction

5.4. Portfolio and diaries

6. Autonomy and automaticity

6.1. Autonomy is partly due to the increased automaticity of language production

6.2. Skilled performers; speed, economy, accuracy, anticipation, reliability

6.3. Autonomy is the capacity to self-regulate

7. Feedback and correction

7.1. Focus on form

7.2. Mistake: Learners momentary failure to apply what they already know

7.3. Error: Represents a gap in the speaker's knowledge

7.4. Repair is facilitative, while correction can be construed negatively

8. Presentation and talks

8.1. Show and tell

8.2. Did you read about...?

8.3. Academic presentation

8.4. Business presentation

9. Stories, jokes and anecdotes

9.1. Storytelling is a universal function of language and one of casual conversations

9.1.1. Learns essential skills

9.1.2. Know one another

9.2. Story-telling based activities

9.2.1. Guess the lie

9.2.2. Insert the word

9.2.3. Chain story

9.2.4. Party jokes