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TCI von Mind Map: TCI

1. Push Factors

1.1. Something that encourages people to leave a place behind.

1.2. Examples of push factors

1.2.1. Political Factors Persecution Wars, invasions, takeovers, etc. Fear of leaders/unhappy with government Escape from prosecution from crimes Enslavement

1.2.2. Environmental Factors Droughts Funguses Negative human activity Natural disasters Climate change

1.2.3. Economic Factors Not having enough well paying jobs in a country Poor farming and working people

1.2.4. Social Factors Spreading religion, philosophy, political movement, etc. Reuniting with other family members Seeking more personal freedom

2. Pull Factors

2.1. Something that encourages people to move to a new place.

2.2. Examples of pull factors

2.2.1. Family Factors The desire to reunite with family members.

2.2.2. Quality of Life Factors A better life starts with a better job to some people. More money can equal enough money to afford food, housing, and health care.

2.2.3. Education Factors Some people migrate so their kids can have a good education to have a good life.

3. 3 Waves of Immigrants

3.1. Wave 1

3.1.1. This happened when the United States was founded. Most immigrants came from northern Europe.

3.2. Wave 2

3.2.1. Refugees leaving from eastern and southern Europe becasue of war and persecution. (late 1800's)

3.3. Wave 3

3.3.1. This began in the 1960's and is still going on today. Mexicans, Cubans, and more groups of immigrants came to the United States.

4. Major Impacts of Immigration and Emigration

4.1. Immigration

4.1.1. Economic Impacts Jobs United States has long depended on immigrants for labor. Some immigrants come into the country with none or few skills to work. Not all immigrants have low paying jobs. Some native born Americans may say that immigrants and taking their jobs. Taxes Immigrants pay taxes. Some immigrants might need services that are paid for out of tax money.

4.1.2. Cultural Impacts Neighbors Newcomers of the United States might have areas of immigrants with the same culture/languages. Foods/Holidays Immigrants may bring new foods and holidays to American life making it very diverse in America.

4.2. Emigration

4.2.1. Economic Impacts Brain Drain Loss of well educated people Brain Gain Boost of well educated people Remittances Sending money back to your homeland.

4.2.2. Social Impacts Families are divided sometimes and there are community improvements.

4.2.3. Political Impacts Working for a better government like democracy in the United States.

5. Migration is Global

5.1. The number of migrants are doubling since World War II

5.2. There are large amounts of migrants in the word.

6. Global Connections

6.1. Some regions push more than pull

6.1.1. Because of Poverty.

6.1.2. Also becasue of conflict.

6.2. Some regions pull more than push

6.2.1. Migrants are mostly attracted to developed countries with good jobs, health care, education, and safety.

6.3. Population of places will change as long as people are still on the move.

7. Effects of Migration

7.1. Effects on Immigrants

7.1.1. Hyphen Effect

7.1.2. Adaptation and Assimlitation

7.1.3. Differing cultural values between generations.

7.2. Effects on the Host Country

7.2.1. Economic Issues (negative or positive, real and perceived.)

7.2.2. Welfare Issues

7.2.3. Social Attitude

7.3. Effects on the Home Country

7.3.1. Remittances

7.3.2. Loss of revenue

7.3.3. Families left behind

7.3.4. Brain Drain

7.3.5. Population decrease

7.4. Multi-Natural Issues

7.4.1. Open border policies

7.4.2. Immigration policies

7.4.3. Security issues

7.4.4. Human trafficking/slavery

8. Voluntary Migration

8.1. When people choose to migrate of their own free will.

8.2. People making their own decisions to move.

8.3. An example is the potato disease happened in Ireland in the 1840s.

8.3.1. Hunger and poverty are the 2 most major reasons why voluntary migration happened in Ireland

8.4. Another Example is the Great Migration

8.4.1. People left on their own choice based on discrimination and slavery that was happening.

8.4.2. They were searching for equal treatment and a better life.

9. Involuntary Migration

9.1. Forced Migration where people have no choice unless they want to be killed or beaten.

9.2. An example is the transatlantic slave trade

9.2.1. One of the largest involuntary migration in history.

9.2.2. People forced to move and become slaves.

9.3. Most of involuntary migration is becasue of persecution.