Smart Farming Technological Advancements

Smart Farming Technological Advancements

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Smart Farming Technological Advancements 저자: Mind Map: Smart Farming Technological Advancements

1. Drones usage in agriculture

1.1. Livestock Monitoring

1.1.1. Through new drones equipped with thermal technology farmers are able to watch over there livestock constantly

1.1.2. Pros:

1.1.2.1. This allows farmers to know if their livestock needs medical attention. This would save the farmers time as they would not need to make rounds to check up on their livestock.

1.1.2.2. Would allow farmers to see any predatory animals and prevent them from harming their livestock

1.1.3. Cons:

1.1.3.1. Could become an invasion of privacy if they are used outside of the farm

1.1.3.2. Drones are very expensive, according to drone fly, a cheap entry level thermal drone would cost $1,500. Most drones needed to track farming livestock would be much more expensive.

1.2. Crop Planting

1.2.1. As drone technology increases seed planting drones will most likely become available to the average farmer. Seeds, in a capsule, would be shot into the ground from the air. They would be placed at the optimal depth. The farmers role would then switch from a labor heavy job to a coding heavy job.

1.2.2. Pros:

1.2.2.1. If properly programed this could prevent seed waste. Each seed would be planted at the proper depth and given the proper amount of fertilizer. This would give the seed its best chance at survival.

1.2.2.2. Through this more efficient crop planting technique, less labor would be needed, allowing some farmers to move to other economic activities.

1.2.2.3. This technology could also be used to replant forests. Dendra, a UK company is on the front lines of this technology. They estimate these drones will be able to plant 2 trees per second. They hope to use this technology to plant 500 billion new trees by 2060. Watch this video to see their take on tree planting drones!

1.2.3. Cons:

1.2.3.1. If these drones are programed incorrectly many seeds could be wasted. These machines plant seeds so quickly that if the wrong depth is inputed many seeds could be wasted before the error is noticed by farmers.

1.2.3.2. Would put some laborers out of a job and they may not be able to find a new one in the already competitive job market.

1.3. Crop Spraying

1.3.1. Crops grow faster and yield a better harvest if they are fertilized. They must also be protected from certain types of insects. Drones now have the technology to spray fertilizer and pesticides over crops.

1.3.2. Pros

1.3.2.1. Programs would allow for a more consistent amount of fertilizer and or pesticides to be placed on each plant.

1.3.2.2. Allows farmers to focus on other essentials on the farm

1.3.3. Cons

1.3.3.1. If the drone is programed incorrectly or malfunctions it may spray extra chemicals, damaging or killing crops.

1.4. Agricultural Mapping and Crop Analysis

1.4.1. Drones equipped with cameras allow farmers to get a birds eye view of their land. This view allows farmers to map their land and analyze their soil.

1.4.2. Pros

1.4.2.1. Farmers are able to use the map to see if they are using their land as efficiently as possible.

1.4.2.2. Through these soil evaluations farmers are able to find the ideal areas to plant their crops.

1.4.3. Cons

1.4.3.1. As stated above drones are very expensive and depending on the size of the farm multiple drones may be needed to scan the area.

2. Pesticides

2.1. Pros

2.1.1. Help farmers produce more on smaller plots of land

2.1.2. Reduce diseases transmitted by insects and rodents

2.1.3. Can improve crop yields and help the world keep up with growing demand for food

2.2. Cons

2.2.1. Can contaminate runoff and harm native ecosystems

2.2.2. "Pesticide trap" - farmers have to keep using more strong pesticides to keep their crops healthy

2.2.3. Some chemicals in pesticides could have negative health effects on humans

2.2.3.1. Can range from skin irritation to nervous system damage or cancer

3. Automatic seeding

3.1. Precision seeding equipment to maximize efficiency

3.1.1. Plant seeds at correct depth and spacing

3.1.2. Use geo mapping and sensor data to form topographic maps of the soil

4. Automatic weeding

4.1. Bonirob robot identifies weeds before removing them using AI

4.2. UC Davis robot prototype removes plants that have not been covered with a fluorescent dye that marks crops from weeds

5. Internet of Things

5.1. All pieces of equipment can be connected to IoT so farm can operate practically on its own

5.2. Farmers can use all the data collected to focus on specific areas that need improvement

5.2.1. Farmers will spend their time fixing machinery, debugging code, analyzing data, and planning new operations

6. Automatic Irrigation

6.1. Benefits:

6.2. Reduced Labor

6.2.1. Amount of people needed to irrigate decreases

6.2.2. Irrigator has more time for other tasks

6.3. Timed Irrigation

6.3.1. Plants will be watered automatically when they need it, not when the irrigator has time to get to it

6.4. Reduction of Wasted Water

6.4.1. Water is shut off instantly when the plant is fully hydrated

6.4.2. Runoff is significantly decreased, helping fertilizer to stay in place

6.4.3. Systems are usually turned on at night, therefore minimizing water lost from evaporation

6.5. Cutback on Vehicle Costs

6.5.1. Manual labor is not needed, therefore, there is no need for the irrigators to check up on the irrigation, reducing the amount of vehicles required

6.5.2. Money is saved from having to buy less gas and not having as many vehicle replacements

6.6. At-home Solution

6.6.1. Sprinkler systems have become very popular in keeping lawns irrigated

6.6.1.1. PROS

6.6.1.2. Greatly reduces time spent outside watering plants

6.6.1.3. No worries when leaving the house for trips as systems can be managed with a timer

6.6.1.4. Consistent watering of the entire yard

6.6.1.5. CONS

6.6.1.6. Expensive installation

6.6.1.7. Homes in cooler regions need to winterize their system so that it does not cause permanent damage

6.6.1.8. The parts need to be periodically replaced as well as the sprinkler heads have to be manually fixed if they shift out of alignment

7. Disadvantages

7.1. Price

7.1.1. One acre is a minimum of $6,000 for installation

7.2. Reliability

7.2.1. Technology sometimes fails, especially when it is not installed or maintained correctly

8. Commonly Seen Cons of Drone Usage

8.1. Very Expensive

8.2. Could become an invasion of privacy

9. Commonly seen Pros of Drone Usage

9.1. Increases amount of food produced by an area of land

9.2. Less labor needed on farms

10. Driverless Tractors

10.1. The use of Artificial Intelligence and other technology has been used over the years to make farming more efficient and it has helped reduced the physical labor on the farm.

10.1.1. Benefits of Driverless Tractors

10.1.1.1. The tractor monitors fields, detects weeds, diseases, areas with less nutrients, water damages and equipment issues

10.1.1.1.1. The sensors are efficient and are able to sense things quickly and process the information so that the farmers know what exactly to do

10.1.1.1.2. The proficiency of this technology allows scientists to conduct their procedures accurately to get the desired results on their farm which accounts for more profits from the consumers

10.1.1.1.3. Monitoring Fields - Supervising for the farmers has become much easier especially because the tractor's sensors are able to see things the human eye cannot

10.1.1.1.4. The Driverless Tractor is programmed to act as a plough and plant seeds, this helps decrease the labor of the farmers and is also time efficient

10.1.1.2. Taranis is a platform of agricultural intelligence, it has created an AI program and this is a video they have compiled on the functions of the tractor and the benefits.

10.1.2. Disadvantages of Driverless Tractors

10.1.2.1. Safety of the surroundings of the machines

10.1.2.1.1. A few reports have said that driverless tractors sometimes fail to recognize dogs or humans and run over them

10.1.2.1.2. Sometimes the sensors of the tractors are not able to detect houses or other objects and eventually crash into them which has caused many complaints

10.1.2.1.3. Another problem is that in rural areas near amish communities, when animals that graze such as cows or in fact horses they get scared of the tractor which results in problems for the farmers

10.1.2.2. Technology and Humans

10.1.2.2.1. As the world is advancing in the technology the AI system of the sensors has to advance as well. The system needs more sensors to collect non standard data which normally a farmer would manually do

10.1.2.2.2. Another problem which is very minor is a mistake in the program. If a small mistake is made in the algorithm of the machine it could lead to destructive results which is why this product could less used