CLASSIFICATION OF LIVING ORGANISIMS

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CLASSIFICATION OF LIVING ORGANISIMS 저자: Mind Map: CLASSIFICATION OF LIVING ORGANISIMS

1. Prokaryotic Cells ; Unicellular ; cell wall Present - Peptidoglycan; Autotrophic /heterotrophic; Eg: E Coli

2. Bacteria Kingdom

3. Protoctista Kingdom

3.1. Algae

3.1.1. Unicellular, Plant-like organism, Eg: Seaweed

3.1.1.1. Cell Wall: Present, (polysaccharide); Heterotrophic & photosynthetic;

3.2. Protozoa

3.2.1. Single celled; no cell wall; Eukaryotic, Eg: Amoeba

4. Fungi Kingdom

4.1. Unicellular & Multicellular; Saprophytic Nutrition; Eg: Mushroom, yeast

4.1.1. Present, N-acetylglucosamine polymer chitin. Saprophytic

5. Plants Kingdom

5.1. Flowering

5.1.1. Dicots

5.1.1.1. Two Cotyledon

5.1.1.1.1. Veins - usually net-like; Roots - taproot; Petals: in multiples of 4,5

5.1.2. Monocots

5.1.2.1. Single Cotyledon

5.1.2.1.1. Veins - usually parallel; Roots - Fibrous; Petals: in multiples of 3

5.2. Non-Flowering

5.2.1. Eg: fern, moss

6. Animals Kingdom

6.1. Vertebrates (have backbones)

6.1.1. MAMMALS - (Mammary glands for feeding milk; external ear called pinna; hair/fur;)

6.1.1.1. Eg: Cow, Dolphin

6.1.2. FISH - (Streamlined Body; moist skin covered with scales; fins for locomotion; breathe through gills;)

6.1.2.1. Eg: Salmon, Clownfish

6.1.3. AMPHIBIANS - (live on both land and water; pair of eyes and tympanum; smooth, moist skin; pair of fore limbs and hind limbs;)

6.1.3.1. Eg: Frogs, Toads

6.1.4. REPTILES - (dry scaly skin; pair of fore limbs, hind limbs; pair of eyes and tympanum;)

6.1.4.1. Eg: Snakes

6.1.5. BIRDS - (feathers; forelimbs modified into wings; pair of legs and tympanum)

6.1.5.1. Eg: Peacock

6.2. Invertebrates (no backbones)

6.2.1. ARTHROPODS - (joined legs; hard outer-skeletons;)

6.2.1.1. INSECTS - (3 pairs of legs; Body divided into - Head, Thorax, Abdomen, Have wings and a pair of antennae)

6.2.1.1.1. Eg. Butterfly

6.2.1.2. ARACHNIDS- (Body divided into Cephalothorax, abdomen, no antennae or wings, 4 pairs of legs )

6.2.1.2.1. Eg. Spiders

6.2.1.3. MYRIAPODS- (long cylindrical bodies divided into many segments; 1 pair of antennae, many pairs of legs)

6.2.1.3.1. Eg. Centipedes

6.2.1.4. CRUSTACEANS - (5 pairs of walking legs; Body divided into Cephalothorax, abdomen, two pairs of antennae)

6.2.1.4.1. Eg. Crab